#EUDay: Schuman Declaration

Photomontage
Image via Wikipedia

On the 9th of May each year we mark the Anniversay of the Schuman Declaration. This declaration made by French Minister for Foreign Affairs Robert Schuman in 1950, set the basis for what would has become the European Union.

61 years later and with the EU at a crossroad due to the financial crisis and the lessening impact it has around the world, it its only right we look back at the declation which started it all and remind us of why we are here.

World peace cannot be safeguarded without the making of creative efforts proportionate to the dangers which threaten it.
The contribution which an organized and living Europe can bring to civilization is indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations. In taking upon herself for more than 20 years the role of champion of a united Europe, France has always had as her essential aim the service of peace. A united Europe was not achieved and we had war.

Europe will not be made all at once, or according to a single plan. It will be built through concrete achievements which first create a de facto solidarity. The coming together of the nations of Europe requires the elimination of the age-old opposition of France and Germany. Any action taken must in the first place concern these two countries.
With this aim in view, the French Government proposes that action be taken immediately on one limited but decisive point.

It proposes that Franco-German production of coal and steel as a whole be placed under a common High Authority, within the framework of an organization open to the participation of the other countries of Europe.  The pooling of coal and steel production should immediately provide for the setting up of common foundations for economic development as a first step in the federation of Europe, and will change the destinies of those regions which have long been devoted to the manufacture of munitions of war, of which they have been the most constant victims.

The solidarity in production thus established will make it plain that any war between France and Germany becomes not merely unthinkable, but materially impossible. The setting up of this powerful productive unit, open to all countries willing to take part and bound ultimately to provide all the member countries with the basic elements of industrial production on the same terms, will lay a true foundation for their economic unification.

This production will be offered to the world as a whole without distinction or exception, with the aim of contributing to raising living standards and to promoting peaceful achievements. With increased resources Europe will be able to pursue the achievement of one of its essential tasks, namely, the development of the African continent. In this way, there will be realised simply and speedily that fusion of interest which is indispensable to the establishment of a common economic system; it may be the leaven from which may grow a wider and deeper community between countries long opposed to one another by sanguinary divisions.

By pooling basic production and by instituting a new High Authority, whose decisions will bind France, Germany and other member countries, this proposal will lead to the realization of the first concrete foundation of a European federation indispensable to the preservation of peace.
To promote the realization of the objectives defined, the French Government is ready to open negotiations on the following bases.

The task with which this common High Authority will be charged will be that of securing in the shortest possible time the modernization of production and the improvement of its quality; the supply of coal and steel on identical terms to the French and German markets, as well as to the markets of other member countries; the development in common of exports to other countries; the equalization and improvement of the living conditions of workers in these industries.

To achieve these objectives, starting from the very different conditions in which the production of member countries is at present situated, it is proposed that certain transitional measures should be instituted, such as the application of a production and investment plan, the establishment of compensating machinery for equating prices, and the creation of a restructuring fund to facilitate the rationalization of production. The movement of coal and steel between member countries will immediately be freed from all customs duty, and will not be affected by differential transport rates. Conditions will gradually be created which will spontaneously provide for the more rational distribution of production at the highest level of productivity.

In contrast to international cartels, which tend to impose restrictive practices on distribution and the exploitation of national markets, and to maintain high profits, the organization will ensure the fusion of markets and the expansion of production.

The essential principles and undertakings defined above will be the subject of a treaty signed between the States and submitted for the ratification of their parliaments. The negotiations required to settle details of applications will be undertaken with the help of an arbitrator appointed by common agreement. He will be entrusted with the task of seeing that the agreements reached conform with the principles laid down, and, in the event of a deadlock, he will decide what solution is to be adopted.

The common High Authority entrusted with the management of the scheme will be composed of independent persons appointed by the governments, giving equal representation. A chairman will be chosen by common agreement between the governments. The Authority’s decisions will be enforceable in France, Germany and other member countries. Appropriate measures will be provided for means of appeal against the decisions of the Authority.
A representative of the United Nations will be accredited to the Authority, and will be instructed to make a public report to the United Nations twice yearly, giving an account of the working of the new organization, particularly as concerns the safeguarding of its objectives.

The institution of the High Authority will in no way prejudge the methods of ownership of enterprises. In the exercise of its functions, the common High Authority will take into account the powers conferred upon the International Ruhr Authority and the obligations of all kinds imposed upon Germany, so long as these remain in force.

 

Europe Day – UCC Event

The Glucksman Gallery in UCC's lowergrounds
Image via Wikipedia

So I have received word of another event taking place in Cork for Europe Day. Its taking place in the Glucksman Gallery of University College Cork. Here is the email I got.

‘Eurotoons’

An Exhibition by Irish Times Cartoonist Martyn Turner

Hosted by the Department of Government

2pm Friday 7 May 2010

(running until Sunday 9 May)

Glucksman Gallery, UCC

ALL WELCOME

It often takes an outside perspective to point out society’s idiosyncracies. Martyn Turner, cartoonist with the Irish Times, does this par excellence. His brand of humour is invariably insightful, but never vitriolic. Through his art-form, he has captured the absurdities and peculiarities which sporadically infect Irish political life. Indeed, his cartoons are the reason many open the morning paper.

To mark Europe Day 2010, and with the generous support of the Glucksman Gallery and the European Commission Representation in Ireland, the Department of Government is delighted to provide an opportunity for people to view the work of Martyn Turner. The Eurotoons exhibition focuses on Ireland’s ‘European’ experience over the last 50 years or so. It will be launched in the Glucksman Gallery at 2pm on Friday 7 May by Vice-President for Teaching and Learning, Professor Grace Neville.

All are welcome to attend the launch and exhibition.

Should be interesting. I will definitely be paying a visit!

Reblog this post [with Zemanta]

Europe Day Event – Bailieborough, Co. Cavan

Bailieborough
Image via Wikipedia

I received information today about a Europe Day event that will take place in Bailieborough, Co. Cavan. It is hosted by Cllr Seán McKiernan Jnr and Senator Joe O’Reilly.

Monday 10th May – A Celebration of Europe Day

John Bruton, our former Taoiseach and former EU Ambassador to the USA, will speak on his experiences in America and his reflections on the future of Ireland and Europe.

Monday, 10th May, 8.30pm sharp
Venue: The Bailie Hotel, Bailieborough

ALL ARE VERY WELCOME!

Know of any other Europe Day Events? Let me know! Stephen(AT)stephenspilland(DOT)com

Reblog this post [with Zemanta]

Europe Day – Cork Event – Update

Europe Day
Image by hsivonen via Flickr

As posted earlier there will be an event in Cork City for Europe Day. This will take place on May 7th at lunch time. The event will be a canvass and will involve the handing out of pens and lollipops and of course talking about Europe.

So why am I blogging about this? Well we need volunteers! Anyone who volunteers will be fully briefed and supplied with t-shirt, bag, pens etc. They will also be fed!

You do not need to be an expert on Europe and you will be given all the information you need. If you do get a difficult question then there will be someone on hand to answer it for you!

If you want to get involved email me at Stephen[at]stephenspillane[dot]com there is a similar event being planned in Dublin (and maybe Galway) to get involved with these contact Billie in the European Movement Ireland on 01 662 5815 or  email billie(at)europeanmovement(dot)ie for more details.

PS: Don’t forget to check out My Europe Week if you want to take part in an online celebration of Europe Day

Reblog this post [with Zemanta]

Europe Day – Cork Event

Palmeira School in Palmeira, Braga, Portugal, ...
Image via Wikipedia

Just a quick update. I have a meeting later today with the European Movement Ireland about an event in Cork for Europe Day. It will be held on Friday May 7th. There will be other events in other cities across the country.

To give you an idea what is planned this is what the European Movement have on their website:

As part of our Europe Day celebrations this year, EM Ireland staff and members will be canvassing in hubs around the country handing out lollipops, pens and balloons. We will also be distributing Citizens’ Initiative postcards, answering people’s questions, and generally having a chat about Europe. This will take place on Friday 7 May.

On Sunday 9 May, there will be a special screening of the My Vision for Europe videos in Meeting House Square in Temple Bar. The programme was coordinated in conjunction with the European Parliament in Dublin and the Temple Bar Cultural Trust. The standard of submissions was extremely high and we are delighted that the finalists’ videos from the schools project will be publicly broadcast on Europe Day itself.

If anyone would like to join in on the canvassing or come along to see the open air broadcast, we would love to see you there. Drop us a line on 01 662 5815 or send Billie an email at billie(at)europeanmovement.ie for more details.

More details later!

Dont forget about My Europe Week which will be celebrating Europe Day online!

Reblog this post [with Zemanta]