Nearly one third of journalists now serving time in prisons around the world published their work on the internet, the second-largest category behind print journalists, the US committee to protect journalists said today.
The bulk of internet journalists in jail – 49 in total – shows that “authoritarian states are becoming more determined to control the internet,” said Joel Simon, the New York-based group’s executive director.
“It wasn’t so long ago that people were talking about the internet as a new medium that could never be controlled,” he said, adding: “The reality is that governments are now recognising they need to control the internet to control information.”
When Iranian journalist Mojtaba Saminejad was sentenced to two years in prison for insulting his country’s leader, it was not for an article that appeared in a newspaper. His offending story was posted on his personal weblog.
Other noteworthy imprisoned internet journalists include US video blogger Joshua Wolf, who refused to give a grand jury his footage of a 2005 protest against a G-8 economic summit, and China’s Shi Tao, who is serving a 10-year sentence for posting online instructions by the government on how to cover the anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown.
For the second year in a row, CPJ’s annual survey found the total number of journalists in jail worldwide has increased. There were 134 reporters, editors and photographers incarcerated as of December 1, nine more than a year ago.
In addition to the internet writers, the total includes 67 print journalists, eight TV reporters, eight radio reporters and two documentary filmmakers.
Among the 24 nations that have imprisoned reporters, China topped the list for the eighth consecutive year with 31 journalists behind bars – 19 of them internet journalists.
Cuba was second with 24 reporters in prison. Nearly all of them had filed their reports to overseas-based websites.
The US government and military has detained three journalists, including Associated Press photographer Bilal Hussein, who was taken into custody in Iraq nine months ago and has yet to be charged with a crime.
CPJ recorded the first jailing of an internet reporter in its 1997 census. Since then, the number has steadily grown and now includes reporters, editors and photographers whose work appeared primarily on the internet, in emails or in other electronic forms.
The increase is a testament to the increasing attention of government censors to the internet, media experts say.
“I refer to the freedom of the press as the canary in the coal mine,” said Joshua Friedman, director of international programmes at Columbia University’s school of journalism. “It’s a barometer of the insecurity of the people running these governments. One of the things that makes them insecure these days is the power of the internet.”
The rise in jailings of internet journalists is also an indication that reporters in authoritarian countries are increasingly using the web to circumvent state controls.
Cuban journalist Manuel Vasquez-Portal said he posted his articles on a Miami-based website because: “It was the only way to get the truth out of Cuba.”
Mr Vasquez-Portal, who was jailed for 15 months in 2003, said he had to call his stories in to the operator of the website, though, because Cubans are not allowed access to the internet.
Read detailed accounts of each imprisoned journalist on the CPJ website
According to the CPJ 51 journalist have been killed this year and 1 journalist is classed as disappered during 2006
GERMANY: Officials of Germany’s neo-Nazi National Democratic Party (NPD) have filed charges against a Bavarian priest who rang his church bells to drown out their speeches at a rally last July.
Fr Ulrich Boom was so incensed that the NPD was allowed to demonstrate in his tiny town of Miltenberg that he decided to fight back with his six church bells, the heaviest of which – the Mother of God bell – weighs 4,415kg.
As the first NPD officials began to speak, Fr Boom began his deafening cacophony and didn’t let up until the demonstration was abandoned 20 minutes later.
Since then, he has become something of a local hero. Even Bavarian state premier Edmund Stoiber has praised the “civil courage from a courageous priest”.
Now, however, the NPD has pressed charges, claiming that Fr Boom interfered with a democratic demonstration, a charge that carries a three-year jail sentence.
NPD officials are experts at taking advantage of Germany’s laws guaranteeing freedom of expression and demonstration – a postwar answer to Nazi bans on political opponents – even though they themselves reject the democratic order.
If the case goes to court, Fr Boom will argue that he was exercising his right of religious expression.
I aint that religous but I must say that I respect that priest for his actions. As regular readers would know from another post lately I hate the Far-Right and Neo-Nazis!
Free speech is an inalienable human right. it is protected in many important documents including; The United Nations Declaration of Human Rights; The European Convention of Human Rights and many Constitutions of Countries. Why should we give up these rights?
In light of the recent protest in the Middle East over the Danish cartoon, demonstrations are allowed but violence? These people for years printed cartoons of Western politicians and religious leaders of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. Their cartoons mock the fabric of Western society. Do you see protests? Do you see people burning flags or burning down embassies? No.
Free speech should not be compromise due to religious beliefs or intolerance. Its is an inherent human right and cannot be compromised